Did Christopher Newport Have a Parrot?

“Mrs. Campbell, did Christopher Newport have a parrot?”

I had just finished describing Christopher Newport, the explorer who brought the first colonists to Virginia.  I explained that he had been the prototype for J.M. Barrie’s Captain Hook; and that he lived in the time of Shakespeare and that Shakespeare had been inspired by the story of his shipwreck on the Sea Venture to write The Tempest.


“Mrs. Campbell, did Christopher Newport have a parrot?”

In teaching history, can you tell the truth and tell the story, too? Can you teach that George Washington cut down the cherry tree, even if you know he didn’t?   Or that Christopher Columbus discovered America when you know he didn’t?  Or that settlers and Native Americans were friends, when you know they weren’t?  It is tricky business.

When I was in fourth grade, I was given a history book on the first day of school.  I was hooked from the first sentence:

The story of Virginia began with a little boy.  His name was Sir Walter Raleigh, and he lived in England.

I could imagine myself sitting on the shore, staring out at the water, and imagining a new land.  The story tapped into my sense of discovery and desire for adventure. I read most of the book the night it was issued.  I wanted to see how the story turned out.

King James claimed that Virginia belonged to him because he was England’s king.

The truth is that the land I lived on did not start with a little boy who lived in England.  Nor did it belong to King James because he was England’s king. There was a rich culture here long before the Europeans knew it existed.   The textbook never said that.  Just as it never said that the “servants” brought here by the colonists were not here of their own free will, or that they could not come and go as they pleased.

It was 1964.  As I was learning Virginia’s history in a segregated classroom in Williamsburg, Virginia, a debate raged in congress. President Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (heroes in my household), were fighting to get the Civil Rights act passed. Americans, black and white, risked their lives to get it passed. And hatred raged.  I never heard a word about it in school.

The men hurried on deck to see their new country.  It was four o’clock in the morning.  A sweet smell came over the water.  It was the smell of the land in spring when trees and flowers are in bloom.

I couldn’t wait to get to the end of the book to see how it turned out…

Virginia’s story is not finished… for history is made of living people.  The children of today will be the men and women who will the history of tomorrow.  They will be the people who must continue to work for “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” for all people everywhere.

The story isn’t finished.  We reweave it as we tell it.  We are alert to stitches and to whole sections that need to be reworked.  I love the swell of hope in the sweeping narrative of our country, but I know that the real hope is in truth.  Story can be an effective delivery system for truth.  I work to guard against cynicism and disrespect as I tell it.

“Mrs. Campbell, did Christopher Newport have a parrot?”

He could have.  Maybe a parrot befriended him when the Sea Venture was shipwrecked in Bermuda.  Maybe he had the parrot on his arm when he swaggered into the alehouse on the other side of London Bridge… Maybe the parrot said, “Listen to his adventure; he has a story to tell.”  It could have happened, but I don’t think it did.   Let me tell you the story:

Where Fox school stands now,  there was once a deep, dense, dark forest.  Some say there was a path formed over thousands of years by stampeding animals.  This path was used by the native people and led to a river so rich with fish they could be speared. The river was then known as the Powhatan.  In the 1600’s, if you were native to this land and you were standing on the banks of the river on a certain day in 1607, you would have seen a strange looking boat in the distance…  in that boat was an explorer named Christopher Newport…

My fourth grade history book didn’t accurately tell me how the story began, and it couldn’t tell me how the story ends.  I know by teaching history, by telling our story through telling the truth, I can do my part help my students do their part to help the story come out right.  For everybody.

About Annie Campbell

Annie Campbell is a National Board Certified third grade teacher and loves her work. She especially enjoys teaching children how to be enthusiastic readers, writers, and problem solvers. Every year, she hopes to inspire her students to be committed citizens who know they can make a difference in the world around them. When she is not teaching, Annie enjoys cooking for family and friends; she likes to lose herself in a good book; she loves discovering new ideas, restaurants, perfect picnic places, and movies with her husband, Ben.
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7 Responses to Did Christopher Newport Have a Parrot?

  1. melissa oliver says:

    The drawings are FABULOUS!

  2. Juliann says:

    Do you think we need the story to get kids hooked on history? I wonder about this because my own daughters never liked history, the facts were too dry. But I, like you, grew up with the stories and later came to want to know more of the truth behind those stories. Just wondering.

  3. Dawn says:

    I loved your use of flashbacks in your writing. Personally, I believe you can use stories effectively as metaphors for the truth, but agree with you that one has to be very careful about which stories one chooses to use. Thank you for your perceptive ideas.

  4. Micol says:

    We own a copy of the same Virginia History text you write about, and it is gripping. Whitewashed, fictionalized and simplified, but still captivating. As a product of the factually-more-correct but painfully dry social studies curriculum of the Pacific NW in the 70’s and 80’s, I second Juliann’s question.

  5. Jay Parker says:

    I’ve always thought that for the students to really get interested and involved in learning, it has to be real, and meaningful for them. Dry facts are not interesting to most 8-10 year olds. (or most people for that matter!) If there is a story, or an adventure involved that the kids could see themselves being a part of they will be more “hooked” from the start, and more likely to remember the facts and dates that go along with the story. I don’t think we “need” the story, but it sure makes it easier for everyone if there is one.

  6. Stacey says:

    I like the way you used the line:
    “Mrs. Campbell, did Christopher Newport have a parrot?”
    to tie the different parts of the story, as well as your feelings about how we teach history, together.

  7. Lisa says:

    History…so many missing pieces and extra add-ons. I love your story though. What did you finally tell the boy? Was there a parrot?

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